A man reads a newspaper as he attends a rally calling for impeached President Park Geun-hye’s arrest in central Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. The headline of the newspaper reads “Expulsion of Park Geun-hye, People’s victory”.   REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji

By Joyce Lee and Cynthia Kim

SEOUL (Reuters) – South Korea’s Constitutional Court removed President Park Geun-hye from office on Friday over a graft scandal involving the country’s conglomerates at a time of rising tensions with North Korea and China.

The ruling sparked protests from hundreds of Park’s supporters, two of whom were killed in clashes with police outside the court, and a festive rally by those who had demanded her ouster who celebrated justice being served.

“We did it. We the citizens, the sovereign of this country, opened a new chapter in history,” Lee Tae-ho, the leader of a movement to oust Park that has held mostly peaceful rallies in downtown involving millions, told a large gathering in Seoul.

South Korean court throws president out of office - two die in protest

South Korean court throws president out of office - two die in protest

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A man reads a newspaper as he attends a rally calling for impeached President Park Geun-hye's arrest in central Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. The headline of the newspaper reads "Expulsion of Park Geun-hye, People's victory". REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji
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People react after hearing that President Park Geun-hye's impeachment was accepted in front of the Constitutional Court in Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji
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The Presidential Blue House is seen in Seoul, South Korea, March 9, 2017. Picture taken on March 9, 2017. REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji
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People celebrate after hearing that President Park Geun-hye's impeachment was accepted in front of the Constitutional Court in Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji
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A man reacts after hearing that President Park Geun-hye's impeachment was accepted in front of the Constitutional Court in Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji
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People celebrate after hearing that President Park Geun-hye's impeachment was accepted in front of the Constitutional Court in Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji
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FILE PHOTO: South Korean President Park Geun-hye delivers her speech during a plenary session at the National Assembly in Seoul, South Korea, February 16, 2016. REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji/File Photo
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People celebrate after hearing that President Park Geun-hye's impeachment was accepted in front of the Constitutional Court in Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji
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South Korean acting Constitutional Court's Chief Judge Lee Jung-mi (C) and seven judges during final ruling of President Park Geun-hye's impeachment at the Constitutional Court in Seoul, South Korea, 10 March 2017. REUTERS/Kim Min-hee/Pool
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South Korean acting Constitutional Court's Chief Judge Lee Jung-mi during final ruling of President Park Geun-hye's impeachment at the Constitutional Court in Seoul, South Korea, 10 March 2017. REUTERS/Kim Min-hee/Pool
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Protesters supporting South Korean President Park Geun-hye clash with riot policemen near the Constitutional Court in Seoul, South Korea, in this photo taken by Kyodo on March 10, 2017. Mandatory credit Kyodo/via REUTERS
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People take care of a protester who fainted during a march supporting South Korean President Park Geun-hye near the Constitutional Court in Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. Mandatory credit Yonhap via REUTERS
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South Korean policemen remove a supporter of South Korean President Park Geun-hye as he reacts after hearing that Park's impeachment was accepted, near the Presidential Blue House in Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. Seo Myeong-gon/Yonhap via REUTERS
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Protesters supporting South Korean President Park Geun-hye scuffle with riot policemen near the Constitutional Court in Seoul, South Korea March 10, 2017. Yonhap/via REUTERS
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People react about the decision of the Constitutional Court over the impeachment of South Koeran President Park Geun-hye in Seoul, South Korea March 10, 2017. Yonhap/Lee Ji-Eun/via REUTERS
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A view through a broken bus window of the scene where a supporter of impeached President Park Geun-hye was injured during a protest after Park's impeachment was accepted, near the Constitutional Court in Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. The protester later died in hospital, according to local media. REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji
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A supporter of impeached President Park Geun-hye is wheeled on a stratcher during a protest after Park's impeachment was accepted, near the Constitutional Court in Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji
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People attend a rally calling for impeached President Park Geun-hye's arrest in central Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. The sign reads "Park Geun-hye is impeached, We won". REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji
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Students attend a rally calling for impeached President Park Geun-hye's arrest in central Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. The headline of the newspaper reads "Expulsion of Park Geun-hye, People's victory". REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji
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People attend a rally calling for impeached President Park Geun-hye's arrest in central Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji
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South Korea's Prime Minister and acting President Hwang Kyo-ahn leaves after releasing a statement to the nation at the Government complex, in Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. Lee Sang-hak/Yonhap via REUTERS ATTENTION EDITORS - THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NO RESALES. NO ARCHIVE. SOUTH KOREA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN SOUTH KOREA
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South Korea's Prime Minister and acting President Hwang Kyo-ahn bows before releasing a statement to the nation at the Government complex, in Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. Lee Sang-hak/Yonhap via REUTERS ATTENTION EDITORS - THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NO RESALES. NO ARCHIVE. SOUTH KOREA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN SOUTH KOREA

A man reads a newspaper as he attends a rally calling for impeached President Park Geun-hye’s arrest in central Seoul, South Korea, March 10, 2017. The headline of the newspaper reads “Expulsion of Park Geun-hye, People’s victory”.   REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji

Park becomes South Korea’s first democratically elected leader to be forced from office, capping months of paralysis and turmoil over the corruption scandal that also landed the head of the Samsung conglomerate in detention and on trial.

A snap presidential election will be held within 60 days.

Park did not appear in court, and a spokesman said she would not be making any comment. She also would not leave the presidential Blue House residence on Friday.

“Park is not leaving the Blue House today,” Blue House spokesman Kim Dong Jo told Reuters.

Park was stripped of her powers after parliament voted to impeach her but has remained in the president’s official compound.

The court’s acting chief judge, Lee Jung-mi, said Park had violated the constitution and law “throughout her term,” and despite the objections of parliament and the media, she had concealed the truth and cracked down on critics.

Park has steadfastly denied any wrongdoing.

The ruling to uphold parliament’s Dec. 9 vote to impeach her marks a dramatic fall from grace of South Korea’s first woman president and daughter of Cold War military dictator Park Chung-hee. Both her parents were assassinated.

Park, 65, no longer has immunity and could now face criminal charges over bribery, extortion and abuse of power in connection with allegations of conspiring with her friend, Choi Soon-sil.

MARKETS RISE

Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn was appointed acting president and will remain in that post until the election. He called on Park’s supporters and opponents to put their differences aside to prevent deeper division.

“It is time to accept, and close the conflict and confrontation we have suffered,” Hwang said in a televised speech.

A liberal presidential candidate, Moon Jae-in, is leading in opinion polls to succeed Park, with 32 percent support in one poll released on Friday. Hwang, who has not said whether he will seek the presidency, leads among conservatives, none of whom has more than single-digit poll ratings.

“Given Park’s spectacular demise and disarray among conservatives, the presidential contest in May is the liberals’ to lose,” said Yonsei University professor John Delury.

Relations with China and the United States could dominate the coming presidential campaign, after the U.S. military this month started deploying the U.S. THAAD missile defence system in South Korea in response to North Korea’s stepped-up missile and nuclear tests.

Beijing has vigorously protested against the deployment, which was agreed last year between Washington and Seoul, fearing its radar could see into its missile deployments. China has curbed travel to South Korea and targeted Korean companies operating in the mainland, prompting retaliatory measures from Seoul.

The U.S. military said on Friday it would keep delivering  THAAD components, separating the issue from South Korea’s internal political crisis. The new U.S. administration has been keen to install the system as quickly as possible due to concerns that a new government in Seoul could block the deployment.

“We have a strong relationship and will continue to work with South Korea,” White House spokesman Sean Spicer said. “It’s a domestic issue in which the United States takes no position in the outcome of that election.”

The Seoul market’s benchmark KOSPI index <.KS11> and the won currency <KRW=> rose after the ruling.

The prospect of a new president in the first half of this year instead of prolonged uncertainty would buoy domestic demand as well as the markets, said Trinh Nguyen, senior economist at Natixis in Hong Kong.

“The hope is that this will allow the country to have a new leader that can address long-standing challenges such as labour market reforms and escalated geopolitical tensions,” he said.

Park was accused of colluding with her friend Choi and a former presidential aide, both of whom have been on trial, to pressure big businesses to donate to two foundations set up to back her policy initiatives.

The court said Park had “completely hidden the fact of (Choi’s) interference with state affairs.”

Park was also accused of soliciting bribes from the head of the Samsung Group for government favours, including backing a merger of two Samsung affiliates in 2015 that was seen as supporting family succession and control over the country’s largest “chaebol,” or conglomerate.

Samsung Group leader Jay Y. Lee has been accused of bribery and embezzlement in connection with the scandal and is in detention. His trial began on Thursday.

He and Samsung have denied wrongdoing.

‘COMMON CRIMINAL’

The scandal and verdict have exposed fault lines in a  country long divided by Cold War politics.

While Park’s conservative supporters clashed with police outside the court, elsewhere most people welcomed her ouster. A recent poll showed more than 70 percent supported her impeachment.

Hundreds of thousands of people have for months been gathering at peaceful rallies in Seoul every weekend to call for Park to step down.

On Friday, hundreds of Park’s supporters, many of them elderly, tried to break through police barricades at the courthouse. Police said one 72-year-old man was taken to hospital with a head injury and died. The circumstances of the second death were being investigated.

Six people were injured, protest organisers said.

Police blocked the main thoroughfare running through downtown Seoul in anticipation of bigger protests.

Park will be making a tragic and untimely departure from the Blue House for the second time in her life.

In 1979, having served as acting first lady after her mother was killed by a bullet meant for her father, she and her two siblings left the presidential compound after their father was killed.

This time, she could end up in jail.

Prosecutors have named Park as an accomplice in two court cases linked to the scandal, suggesting she is likely to be investigated.

North Korean state media wasted little time labelling Park  a criminal.

“She had one more year left as ‘president’ but, now she’s been ousted, she will be investigated as a common criminal,” the North’s state KCNA news agency said shortly after the court decision.

Click http://tmsnrt.rs/2nljAHh for graphic on Falls from grace around the world

Click http://tmsnrt.rs/2nljAHh for graphic on Who’s who in Korea scandal

(Additional reporting by Ju-min Park, James Pearson, Heekyong Yang, Jeong Eun Lee, Suyeong Lee and Dahee Kim in SEOUL, Phil Stewart, Idrees Ali, Matt Spetalnick and David Brunnstrom in WASHINGTON; Writing by Robert Birsel and Jack Kim; Editing by Bill Tarrant, Nick Macfie and Leslie Adler)